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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

360                                                  PABGASA KOSf.
Tire ncMkMs, or cattle market, is of large extent and supplied with every
convenience—a fine masonry well, long ranges of feeding troughs, &c. On every
beas: sold the zaznindars levy a toll of two anas, and the Chaudharis as much ;
k consideration for which payment they are bound to maintain two chaukidars
for watch and ward, and also to keep the place clean and in repair. Prices,
of course, vary considerably, but the following may be taken -as the average
rates :—Well-bullocks from Es. 30 to Rs. 60 each; cart-bullocks from
Is. 50 to 75; a .cow from Es. 15 to 50; a calf from Rs. 10 to 30; a
bnifaio from Es. 25 to 50 ; and a male buffalo calf from Rs. 2 to 10. There
are two market days every week, on Tuesday and Wednesday; and in 1868-69,
when a tax of one and a quarter ana was levied on every beast sold, it yielded
as much as Rs. 2,188-13-0 ; the zamindars' receipts at two anas a head and the
Chaudharis' at the same rate amounted to Rs. 3,502-2-0 each. Taking Es. 25 as
an average price per head, which would be rather below than above the mark, the
amount of money changing hands In the course of the year was Es. 7,00,425.
The exports of grain are put at 200,000 mans and there are in the town some 100
ItkaUos, or cellars, ordinarily well filled with reserve stores for the consumption,
not only of the residents, but also of the numerous travellers passing up and
down the great thoroughfare on which the town stands, and who naturally take
in at Kosi several days' supplies, both for themselves and their cattle.
There is also very considerable business done in country cloth, as all the
villages in the neighbourhood are purely agricultural, and supply most of their
wants from the one central mart.
As the town lies in a hollow, it is liable to be flooded after a few days' con-
tinuance of heavy rain by a torrent which pours in upon it from Hodal.
This was the case in 1873, when much damage was done to house property ; and
the subsequent drying up of the waters—which was a tedious process, there
being no outlet for their escape—was attended with very general and serious
sickness. The only remedy lies in developing the natural line of drainage, and
the necessity of some such operation has forced itself upon the notice of the
canal department\ hut no definite steps have yet been taken in the matter.
The income of the municipality is about Es. 12,000 per annum ; but this
sum is a very inadequate test of the actual trade done, since there is no duty
either on cotton or on cattle, excepting beasts intended for slaughter.
The area of the parish is 2,277 acres, on which the Government demand
used to be Bs. 6,700 ; but the assessment was proved to be too severe by the
distress it caused to the zamindarsj and it -was reduced to Rs. 4,790.